effect of age on acquisition of a second language for school

by Virginia P. Collier

Publisher: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education in Wheaton, Md

Written in English
Published: Pages: 12 Downloads: 346
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Subjects:

  • Bilingualism in children -- United States,
  • Education, Bilingual -- United States,
  • Second language acquisition

Edition Notes

StatementVirginia P. Collier.
SeriesNew Focus -- no. 2., New focus (National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education) -- no. 2.
ContributionsNational Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education., United States. Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs.
The Physical Object
Pagination12 p. ;
Number of Pages12
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17658452M

Second Language Acquisition (SLA) refers to the study of how students learn a second language (L2) additionally to their first language (L1). Although it is referred as Second Language Acquisition, it is the process of learning any language after the first language whether it is the second, third or fourth language. Therefore, any otherCited by: 2. To determine how age of acquisition influences perception of second-language speech, the Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) test was administered to native Mexican-Spanish-speaking listeners who learned fluent English before age 6 (early bilinguals) or after age 14 (late bilinguals) and monolingual American-English speakers (monolinguals).Cited by:   Presentation accompanying "Age Effects in Second Language Learning: Stepping Stones Toward Better Understanding," by Robert M. DeKeyser, published in the first issue of the Currents in Language. Huang, B. and Jun, S. () Age Effect on the Acquisition of Second Language Prosody. Online Supplement to Proceedings of the 33rd Boston University Conference on Language Development, University of California, Los Angeles, Author: Areen Ahmed Muhammed.

the utilization of learning styles in the process of counselling young people in their professional choices and development. This book provides the description of several learning styles whose significance for education, and especially for second language development, has been observed. In Chapter One, I define learning styles and compare. Differences between Language Acquisition and Language Learning: The term ‘language acquisition’ is used for acquisition of the first language or the mother tongue. While the term ‘language learning’ means learning the second or foreign language. The processes of language acquisition and language learning differ in many Size: 71KB. A person's second language, or L2, is a language that is not the native language (first language or L1) of the speaker, but is learned later (usually as a foreign language, but it can be another language used in the speaker's home country).For example, there are two official languages of Canada (English and French) and some people use both.. A speaker's dominant language, which is the language. Also Mark Patkowski (in Lightbown, ) studied the effect of age in acquisition of features of a second language, despite the accent. He pointed that even if the accent was ignored only the learners who start learning a second language before the age of 15 they could achieve full, native-like mastery of that language.

The book is intended for researchers in second language acquisition research and bilingualism, students and teachers around the world. The breadth of the contributions in terms of countries, languages, aspects of language and theories means that it relates to most SLA courses at some point whether at undergraduate or postgraduate level. Critical period effects in second language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language. Cognitive Psychology. ; 21 (1)– doi: /(89)Cited by: 2/ Four Aspects of the Second-Language-Learning Requirement March Alberta Learning, Alberta, Canada III. The Effects of Second-language (L2) Learning on Students with Special Needs • There is a great deal of research that looks at the difference between students who are culturally and linguistically diverse versus those with Size: KB. This is the second stage after babbling in language acquisition and development in school-age children (Bhatia, (). The stage lasts for twelve to fourteen month in school age children. The children at this stage do not just produce any words, but the words have meaning.

effect of age on acquisition of a second language for school by Virginia P. Collier Download PDF EPUB FB2

Research on second language learning suggests that age or age-related factors are a major variable in the acquisition of a second language for school.

In the early stages of acquisition, older students are faster and more efficient learners, with the advantage of more advanced cognitive development in the first by: The Effect of Age on Second Language Acquisition in Older Adults Charisse Alaine Major Department of Linguistics and English Language, BYU Master of Arts A primary purpose of second language (L2) research is to determine what factors hinder or help L2 acquisition.

Second language age of acquisition Although the monolingual/L1 domain now approaches 45 years of AoA research, it has only been 15 years since word-level AoA has been investigated in the field of bilingualism, and studies are very by: 5.

This article addresses the effect of age in Second Language Acquisition (SLA), posing the relative question that whether the Critical Period hypothesis (CPH) exists in Second Language (SL), and if. The first- and second-language age of acquisition effect in first- and second-language book reading Nicolas Dirix1* and Wouter Duyck1 1Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium *Corresponding author, Nicolas Dirix, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium, @ In this study, the effects of second language (i.e., L2) proficiency and age of second language acquisition are assessed.

Three types of bilinguals are compared: Early L2 learners, Late highly proficient L2 learners, and Late less proficient L2 by: The first- and second-language age of acquisition effect in first- and second-language book reading. The age of acquisition (AoA) effect in first/monolingual language processing has received much attention in psycholinguistic research.

However, AoA effects in second language processing were only investigated rarely. Second Language Acquisition The Effect of Age and Motivation Ritgerð til BA prófs. The Effect of Age on Second Language Acquisition in Older Adults.

Charisse Alaine Major. Department of Linguistics and English Language, BYU. Master of Arts. A primary purpose of second language (L2) research is to determine what factors hinder or help L2 acquisition. One aspect that has a strong effect on L2 proficiency is learners’ age ofCited by: 1.

most appropriate time to begin the second language to school teaching. Theories Concerning Second Language Acquisition The age of second language (L2) acquisition is a factor that has raised a lot of interest and controversy.

This phenomenon is called the “critical period” [2] or “time sensitive” [3] According to Lenneberg, theFile Size: KB. THE EFFECT OF AGE OF ACQUISITION AND SECOND-LANGUAGE EXPERIENCE ON SEGMENTS AND PROSODY: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OF KOREAN BILINGUALS’ ENGLISH AND KOREAN PRODUCTION by GRACE EUNHAE OH A DISSERTATION Presented to the Department of Linguistics and the Graduate School of the University of Oregon in.

THE ROLE OF AGE IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONA PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE Gang Dong Department of English, North China Electric Power University Hulin Ren Beinong Road, Changping District, BeijingChina ABSTRACT: The role of age in second language (L2) acquisition is a subject of much Size: KB.

The effect of age on acquisition of a second language for school [microform] / Virginia P. Collier National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education [Wheaton, MD Australian/Harvard Citation. Collier, Virginia P.

& National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education. & United States. Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs. The educational implications of the second language acquisition debate about the age issue in language teaching, however, are somewhat minimal, since decisions on when to commence the teaching of English in public education are often made largely on other grounds.

Is there an optimal age for second language acquisition. Everybody agrees that age is a crucial factor in language learning. However to which extent age is an important factor still remains an open question. A plethora of elements can influence language learning: biological factors, mother tongue, intelligence, learning surroundings, emotions, motivation and last but.

The current study examined the age of learning effect on second language (L2) acquisition. The research goals of the study were twofold: to test whether there is an independent age effect controlling for other potentially confounding variables, and to clarify the age effect across L2 grammar and speech production domains.

The study included Cited by: In their review of the research that has addressed the age. issue, Krashen, Long, and Scarcella () concluded that.

a) adults are superior to children in rate of acquisition b) older children learn more rapidly than younger children.

Get this from a library. The effect of age on acquisition of a second language for school. [Virginia P Collier; National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education.; United States.

Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs.]. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Collier, Virginia P. Effect of age on acquisition of a second language for school.

Wheaton, Md.: National Clearinghouse for. The fundamental character of foreign language learning. In W. Rutherford M. Sharwood Smith (Eds.), Grammar and second language teaching: A book of readings (pp. 19–30). Rowley, MA: Newbury House.!.

DeKeyser, R. The robustness of critical period effects in second language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 22(4). This study explores the effect of age on the acquisition of second language prosody by comparing three groups of native Mandarin speaking immigrants (N=10 each), varying in age of arrival, to native American English controls (N=10).File Size: KB.

What is the role of age in second language acquisition. Learner is affected by many factors in the second language acquisition process. The level of cognitive development, socio-economic and cultural background, and the ability to acquire a language, age and motivation of the learner’s can be expressed as the factors affecting second language Size: KB.

Effect of Age on Acquisition of a Second Language for School. Age-Related Factors in Second Language Acquisition. Author: Collier, Virginia P. Twyford, Charles William. Institutional Author: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Wheaton, MD.

(BBB) Year: No of pages: Two articles; 12 p. Abstract. period for the acquisition of a second language is again undergoing scrutiny. Flege focuses entirely on the issue of a critical period (CP) for the acquisition of second language (L2) phonology, while Major devotes more attention to examining factors other than age which affect L2 accent (with less than 2 pages.

On how age affects foreign language learning* Carmen Muñoz University of Barcelona Abstract The effects of age on second language acquisition constitute one of the most frequently investigated and debated topics in the field of Second Language Acquisition.

Two different orientations may be immersed in the target language in the school and File Size: KB. Second language acquisition, or sequential language acquisition, is learning a second language after a first language is already established.

Many times this happens when a child who speaks a language other than English goes to school for the first time. Children have an easier time learning a second language, but anyone can do it at any age. the topic: second language theory; learning strategies and learning style; cognitive strategies; and cross-cultural understanding.

Second Language Theory In the early s, researchers first recognized that language acquisition was a complex matter which could not be placated with a one-theory-fits-all kind of solution.

As inFile Size: KB. The current study set out to examine the age-related effects on ultimate attainment of second language (L2) phonology and grammar. The goals of the study are threefold: (1) to unravel the complexity of ultimate L2 attainment by surveying multiple contributing factors, (2) to explore the relative strength of the Age of Arrival (AOA) variable and other predictors in relation to L2 Cited by: 3.

Second Language Acquisition and Age Language acquisition has been a major topic of research in linguistics for several decades. Attempts to explain the differences between children's and adults' acquisition of first and second languages have led to the development of the Critical Period Hypothesis (CPH).File Size: 59KB.

A primary purpose of second language (L2) research is to determine what factors hinder or help L2 acquisition. One aspect that has a strong effect on L2 proficiency is learners' age of onset of acquisition (AOA) (Johnson & Newport, ). These studies and others suggest that younger learners are more adept than older learners at learning an L2, especially to a near-native by: 1.The term “acquisition”, they think, refers to picking up an L2 through exposure, whereas the term “learning” refers to the conscious study of an L2.

Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition. Age has been most frequently used in discussions of differences between kids.

Age is a controversial topic. The findings seem difficult to interpret, and many questions to understand universal age effects on L2 acquisition remain open. References Ortega, Lourdes ().

Understanding Second Language Acquisition. Hodder Education. Termcord () The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition.